Also known as acacia gum (E414) , kordofan, meska, char goond is a natural gum made of the hardened sap of various species of the acacia tree.
Gum arabic is harvested from two types of wild Acacia trees, one is Acacia senegal tree and other is Acacia seyal.
This resin is obtained through special tappings made on the trunk of the tree. The resinous liquid which comes out of the tappings to heal the cuts on the bark, thickens on contact with the air, forming a hard and glassy gum.
Gum arabic is harvested in the gum belt of Africa, this belt starts from Senegal at the west of Africa and ends at Sudan in the east, also known as African sahel.
From the 1950s to early 1990s, Sudan accounted for roughly 80% of gum Arabic production, today that figure is probably under 50%.
Sudan is still the worlds largest single producer of Gum Arabic.
Many food manufactures are using the Gum Arabic, actually you use it in many everyday items without you knowing, these are some of the users of the gum: